3. Step 2: Selecting relevant points
- Read the relevant section of the passage, and as you read, underline (in pencil) or highlight each relevant point you find.
- Include only main points in your list. Leave out the following:
If, however, the question specifically asks you to summarise the various examples, decide on which examples qualify to be main points.
- Select at least 8 main points to be included. – 8 marks are allocated to Content, so you will only be awarded marks for the first 8 relevant points you identify. More often than not, there will be at least 8 relevant points in the marking scheme. 7 marks are awarded for Language use. So, there is a total of 15 marks for summary.
- List out the main points you have selected (in point form). Re-examine each point to make sure they are relevant to the topics in the summary question.
- Sometimes it may help to organise the points and link them by using effective connectors in the order that you will present them in your summary. For example, if you are required to summarise the advantages and disadvantages of the transport system in Singapore, it may be good to write on the advantages first, then the disadvantages (or vice versa).
For each of the following passages,
(1) read the question carefully and highlight / underline the key words or phrases;
(2) decide on the number of topics to be summarised for each question; then
(3) create a list of relevant points for your summary.